There are many approaches to birth control, and our gynecologist Jennifer Anderson, MD will work with you to determine a method that is right for you. We also offer teen counseling.
Types of Birth Control
- Oral contraceptives (birth control pills). Birth control pills are taken daily to prevent ovulation and usually contain the hormones estrogen and some form of progesterone. In addition to prevention of pregnancy, oral contraceptives have several health benefits including regulating menstrual cycles and decreasing the amount and length of menstrual periods. This can help increase iron stores in women with iron deficiency associated with excessive bleeding. Prevention of certain ovarian and endometrial cancers is a significant benefit of the use of oral contraceptives.
- Intrauterine device (IUD). An IUD is placed in the uterus and works by thickening cervical mucus to make it difficult for sperm to enter the cervix or by preventing the fertilized egg from attaching to the wall of the uterus. IUDs containing hormones are also called intrauterine systems and must be replaced every 3-5 years, while copper IUDs can last up to 10 years.
- Implant. A capsule containing the synthetic hormone etonogestrel is implanted under the skin in the upper arm and continuously prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg for up to 3 years.
- Injection. A progesterone-like drug is given by injection to prevent pregnancy by stopping ovulation. This method of birth control lasts for about 3 months after which another injection must be given to continue effectiveness.
- Hormonal vaginal contraceptive ring. A ring is placed inside the vagina around the cervix. The ring releases the hormones estrogen and progestin.
Permanent Birth Control
There are different types of laparoscopic, or minimally invasive, sterilization procedures, including:
- Closing your fallopian tubes: a soft, micro-insert is placed into each fallopian tube. Over the next three months, your body works with the insert to form a natural barrier against pregnancy. Approximately three months following the procedure, a confirmation test is performed to verify that the tubes are blocked.
- Bilateral tubal ligation: removes a small segment of the fallopian tube
For more information about birth control services offered at our office, call (865) 365-4233. Click here for more information about our office.